19. January 2020 Oliver Bienkowski

Ndende yozunzidwa ku Bou Arfa Chikumbutso cha Nazi ku Morocco

Kuwonongedwa kwa 2 oponyera mdziko la Moroccan. Obelisk anali sundial ndipo analibe chochita ndi chikumbutso cha Uygur.

Ngakhale kuli Asilamu ambiri omwe amakhala ku Morocco, a Uighur sothandizidwa ku China. Tidapanga chikumbutso cha izi, zomwe zidangozindikiridwa ndi atolankhani achiarabu pambuyo poti nyuzipepala ku Israel idalemba zofananira ndi chikumbutso cha Berlin Holocaust. BBC Arabic inanenanso za ntchitoyi. Izi zinayambitsa makina osindikiza apadziko lonse lapansi komwe kuphimba sikunayang'anenso pa maUghur koma pa nkhondo ya Israel / Palestine. Zojambulajambula zidachita bwino!  

Nkhani yakupha a Moroccan pa Wikipedia sinatchulepo za ndende zozunzirako akapolo mchipululu komwe Ayuda adamwalira. Chikumbutso chathu chinawonongedwa ndi Ministry of the Interior of Moroccan patatha chaka chimodzi chimanga. Tinabweretsa nkhani yakukakamizidwa m'mbiri ya Morocco ku Wikipedia kuti tithane ndi mbiri yabodza komanso anti-Semitism. Ndipo ngakhale zinali zopangira zaluso kuyambira pachiyambi kuti anene kuphwanya ufulu wachibadwidwe ndi China motsutsana ndi ma Uyghur. 

Zojambulajambula zowonjezerapo zakale zinayambiranso luso lolimbana ndi tsankho la Asilamu ndikutchulanso antchito omwe anaiwalika mu Wikipedia.

Tsoka ilo, Morocco sadziwa mitundu yotere yojambula. Gulu
Patsamba lathu la Moroccan, ndi chithunzi cha nsanja ya Orthanc chochokera kwa Lord of the Rings, olamulira ku Moroccan amapangitsa moyo kukhala wovuta. M'khitchini yophika anthu 500 ochokera ku Germany THW idalandidwa, manda a wogwira ntchito zachitukuko ku Germany omwe adalipo kale adawonongeka ndipo makeke othandizira chitukuko, omwe anthu adapindulapo mwachindunji, adawonongeka. 

D

Mu ndende zozunzidwa ku Morocco, anthu zikwizikwi adamwalira akugwira ntchito njanji ya Sahara. Zotsatira zake, Morocco ilinso ndi nkhani ya Nazi. Amatcha Bouarfa kuti Auschwitz m'chipululu

Tsegulani Kalata ya King Mohammed 6 waku Morocco.

Wokondedwa Highness Mohammed VI, Art si mlandu. Gulu lathu ku Germany la ufulu wachibadwidwe & kulimbikitsa luso & chikhalidwe mwachangu liyenera kudandaulira inu za kuphwanya ufulu wachibadwidwe ku Morocco. Zonsezi zidayamba ndi khitchini yophika msuzi waku Africa, yomwe oyang'anira kasitomu ku Tangier alanda kuyambira Meyi 2018 chifukwa tikuyenera kufuna kugulitsa masupuni ku Marrakech. Kwa chaka chimodzi tsopano tawona anthu akudya kuchokera mumtsuko wazinyalala ndipo khitchini yathu ya msuzi zitha kuthandiza anthu ena kukhuta. Chifukwa chiyani akuluakulu anu akuwononga dimba lathu la ojambula? Akuluakulu anu sanayankhe pempholi mu September 2018. Tsiku lililonse timayesetsa kulumikizana ndi oyang'anira anu kudzera mumisewu yonse mdzikolo kuchokera ku Nyumba Yamalamulo kudzera mwa akazembe anu aku Moroccan, omwe sanagwire ntchito. Sanayankhe konse. Mu Disembala 2018, wogwira ntchito zachitukuko ku PixelHELPER a Tombia Braide adamwalira chifukwa chokwiya ndimakhalidwe aboma mpaka adamwalira ndi vuto la mtima. Zachidziwikire, adayikidwa m'manda ngati chikumbutso popanda aliyense amene adapezeka ndipo cholakwacho chidaperekedwa kwa omwe adanyamula a Morocco. Tidapanga sundial kuti timukumbukire, idawonongedwa ndi ma bulldozer ake. Tidayika ndalama za 100.000 ku Morocco mchaka chimodzi. Tinkagwiritsa ntchito buledi wazitini kuti tipeze bata ku Africa ndipo tinapatsa mudzi wathu buledi tsiku lililonse. Gendarmerie wanu amatenga alendo kuchokera kwa ife kupita nawo kupolisi chifukwa choletsedwa kutichezera. Kufunsidwa ndikunena kuti alendo athu atha kukhala achiwembu ndipo a Freemason sayenera kuloledwa. Kenako kunamenyedwa mbama kumaso kwa mlendo wathu. Atolankhani aletsedwa kuyendera malo athu ndi apolisi kangapo. Ngakhale tili ndi zikalata zonse kuti tipeze visa yaku Investor m'dziko lanu, kuphatikiza pangano la zaka 3 lokhala ndi mwayi wogula, apolisi anu akufuna kutithamangitsa mwamphamvu. Tikufuna kuti abwezeretse chiwonongeko ndikumanganso malo ophikira buledi wamzitini. Muyeneranso kudziwitsa apolisi akomweko kuti ojambula si zigawenga. Chifukwa ndi mmenenso amatichitira. Ogwira ntchito athu akuwopsezedwa ndi Mkadem, dzanja lamanzere la Caid, kuti asatseke mabowo akunja kwathu. Ku Chikondwerero cha Shuga, gulu lathu limafuna jakisoni wa chiwewe chifukwa cholumidwa ndi galu. Tsoka ilo, dipatimenti yawo yazaumoyo ku Ait Ourir ndi Marrakech idatsekedwa. Tikufuna ma euro 100.000 pomangidwanso ndikupepesa kwa mkulu wa apolisi ku Ait Ourir komanso wolowa ku Ait Faska. Omwe samalankhula tokha koma amalumikizana ndi omwe amangoyang'ana. Chifukwa cha nkhanza zomwe apolisi amachita kwa mlendo wathu, tikufuna antchito 100 omwe tasankha kwa zaka 100 kuchokera ku Ait Faska & Ait Ourir kuti agwire ntchito zaluso zathu.

Msasa wogwira ntchito wolembedwa ku Morocco. Ayuda ambiri anafera pano.

M'chilimwe 1942 idachezera Dr. Wyss-Denant International Red Cross Mission (IRC) anatsogolera ndende za Boudnib, Bou Arfa ndi Berguent. Masiku ano palibe amene amakumbukira dzuwa m'midzi yakutali iyi.
Thambo lakuda limapanga chikumbutso cha Nazi mu gawo limodzi. Alendo amayendayenda pamiyeso
Chiyerekezo cha chikumbutso chachikulu kwambiri cha kuphedwa kwa Nazi padziko lapansi
Mawonekedwe chisanachitike chiwonongeko. Ntchito yopanga 1 chaka ndi 10 Moroccans.
Komanso chidindo chojambulidwa ndi Walter Lübecke chinawonongeka ndikujambula. Mbendera ya EU yasweka pansi.

Ponseponse panali misasa 14 yamitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi amuna 4.000 achitetezo achi France aku Morocco. Wachitatu anali Ayuda ochokera m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Akaidi onse anali amuna kupatula ku Sidi Al Ayachi, komwe kunali akazi ndi ana. Makampu ena anali otetezedwa, kutanthauza ndende zenizeni za otsutsa andale a Vichy. Ena ankatchedwa misasa yodutsa anthu othawa kwawo. Enanso anali oti azigwirira ntchito akunja. Kapena Ayuda omwe ali mumsasa wa Bou Arfa motsogozedwa ndi Vichy, Transsahara Railway idakhala chizindikiro chofunikira chothandizirana ndi Ulamuliro Wachitatu. Chifukwa chake, panali kufunika kwakukulu kwa ogwira ntchito. Iwo omwe samakhoza kugwira ntchito kwambiri amwalira.

Anthu zikwizikwi aku Spain Republican adakhala ndi udindo m'magulu a anthu akunja pantchito yomanga ndi kukonza ma sitimawo. Kuthamanga kwa ntchito atathawa kuzunzidwa kwa Franco kunali mwankhanza komanso wankhanza .. Ogwira ntchito ku Spain adasinthidwa kukhala zigamulo zenizeni. Ayuda omwe adachotsedwa ku Central Europe ndipo achikomyunizimu achi France adasamutsidwira komweko. Moyo watsiku ndi tsiku kumeneko unali wowopsa. Ambiri adafa chifukwa chomzunza, kuzunza, kudwala, kufa ndi ludzu, kuluma kapena kulumwa ndi njoka.

Nyumba yosungiramo zinthu ku Berguent (Ain Beni Mathar) idayendetsedwa ndi Industrial Production department. Zinasungidwa kwa Ayuda okha (155 mu Julayi 1942 kenako 400 koyambirira kwa 1943 malinga ndi lipoti la CRI). "Koma chilimbikitso chauzimu ichi sichinachepetse kuti msasa wa Bergue unali m'gulu lankhanza kwambiri," atero a Jamaa Baida. A Red Cross adapemphedwa kuti atseke, Ayuda omwe amakhala ku Bergued, makamaka ochokera ku Central Europe, anali atathawira kale ku France. Odzipereka akunja akunja adatsitsidwa pambuyo pa kugonjetsedwa kwa 1940 kenako ndikumangidwa chifukwa cha "oyang'anira". Izi ndi zomwe zidachitikira a Saul Albert, nzika yaku Turkey yomwe idabwera ku France mu 1922. Anamangidwa ku Bergua mpaka kumasulidwa kwake mu Marichi 1943. M'ndandanda wake analemba kuti:

"10. February (1941): Mwala wosweka tsiku lonse. Marichi 2 ...: Handover kukhala gulu lachisanu ndi Ayuda aku Germany. Sindimazikonda konse. Ntchito siyofanana; Tidayenera kupanga ballast ... Epulo 6th: Sitingathenso kupirira moyo uno. Ndili ndi malungo, kupweteka kwa mano ... Seputembara 22: Rosh Hashanah: Palibe amene amafuna kugwira ntchito ... Okutobala 1: sanadye ... "

Alondawo, omwe ambiri anali Achijeremani, ankachita zinthu mwankhanza, wankhanza komanso wankhanza. "Akadayenera kulowa nawo NS-SS yodziwika bwino." Akaidi ena adathawa, adafika ku Casablanca ndikulowa m'magulu ankhondo.

Ku Boudnib, tawuni yaying'ono ya anthu 10.000, nyumba zankhondo zomwe zili pakadali pano ndi omaliza omaliza kumsasa wankhondo waku France. Okalamba amasunga zidutswa zokumbukira: "Ndingakuwuzeni zinthu ziwiri motsimikiza. Yoyamba ndi phiko la Boudnib, lomwe limapangidwa ndi Ayuda ambiri. Chachiwiri ndichakuti ambiri omwe amakhala mumisasa yamaphunziro amzindawu adaphunzitsidwa ku pulayimale ”(Tel Quel Magazine No. 274, Meyi 19-25, 2007).

A Maurice Rue, mtolankhani wachikomyunizimu, adatsekeredwa kumeneko. Anatiuza kuti "mwa akaidi 40 magawo atatu aliwonse anali Achikomyunizimu, Achisosistiya komanso Achi Gaullists 40 asanafike miyezi ingapo."

Pambuyo pofika ku America pa 8. Novembala 1942 adalumikizana ndi Morocco kumbali ya Allies. Mu Januwale 1943, a Allies adakumana pamsonkhano ku Casablanca. Pangano ndi lankhondo lidasainidwa. Posakhalitsa izi zikuyamba ndikuukira kwa Sicily (Operation Husky, Julayi 1943) kutha kwa Europe olandidwa ndi Germany.

Ntchito yomanga ku Bou Arfa sinasokonezedwe ndipo zinthu sizinasinthe kwambiri. Adalipira bwino kuposa andende aku Italiya ndi aku Germany adalowa m'malo mwa chikomyunizimu ndi Ayuda. Komabe, ntchito yomanga Trans-Sahara idakali helo wamasiku onse. Ntchitoyi, yomwe idasankhidwa ngati yosayenera, idasiyidwa ndi France kokha 1949.

Kupanda kutero, ma foloko adakanthidwa mwachangu pakati pa kutha kwa 1942 ndikuyamba kwa 1943.

Zolemba za Bill Cran ndi Karin Davison, zopangidwa pa Arte, ent

 

Chikumbutso choyamba cha kuphedwa kwa Nazi ku North Africa 

Chizindikiro chotsutsana ndi ochepa omwe akuzunzidwa padziko lonse lapansi. Ntchito yomanga chikumbutso choyamba cha Nazi ku North Africa ikuyenera kuti ikhale gwero lodziwitsa anthu za kuphedwa kwa Nazi ku masukulu ndi anthu.

Pamene chipika chilichonse chimakhala ndi mawu chikwi. Pa Julayi 17.07th, ntchito yomanga idayamba pachikumbutso choyamba cha Nazi ku North Africa. Tinakhazikitsa miyala kuti tipeze alendo omwe ali m'malo otsekemera akumva kusowa chochita ndikuwopa kufa komwe anthu anali nawo m'misasa yachibalo nthawi imeneyo. Tikufuna kukhazikitsa malo ku North Africa komwe kumabweretsa chikumbutso munthawi yama digito. Ndi mtsinje wamoyo, owonererawo alipo pamalopo ndipo amatha kukopa kuchuluka kwa ogwira ntchito ndi mabuloko omwe angamangidwe ndi zopereka zanu. Mukamayang'ana kwambiri ndikupereka, chikumbutso cha Nazi chikukula.

Chikumbutso cha Holocaust ku Marrakech akuti ndiye chachikulu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Nthawi ya 5 kukula kwa Berlin Holocaust Memorial pambuyo pake kudzakhala pa mwala wa mwala wa 10.000 mozungulira malo achidziwitso omwe amaphunzitsa alendo za kuphedwa kwa Nazi.

Woyambitsa PixelHELPER Foundation, a Oliver Bienkowski, adayang'ana dzina lake mu database ya Yad Vashem ndikupeza zolemba, ndiye kuti adayang'ana komwe Kumenyetsa Kwachikumbutso ku Holocaust ku Africa ndikupeza imodzi ku South Africa. Popeza zili ngati theka laulendo wadziko lonse kuchokera ku Morocco, adaganiza zopanga chikumbutso cha Holocaust patsamba la PixelHELPER. Zomwe zimayandikana ndizopanda kanthu, ndiye kuti pali malo oti angapangire kumwamba kwa 10.000. 

amayi; , , ,