Inkampu ekusetyenzwa nzima kuyo Bou Boufa Isikhumbuzo sokuBulawa kwabantu eMorocco

Kwiinkampu ekusetyenzwa nzima kuzo eMorocco, amawaka abantu bafa besebenza kuloliwe weSahara. Ngenxa yoko, i-Morocoa inembali ye-Holocaust. Babiza iBouarfa ngokuba yiAuschwitz yentlango

Vula ileta kuKing Mohammed 6 waseMorocco.

Othandekayo oMkhulu uMohammed VI, ubugcisa abulolwaphulo mthetho. Umbutho wethu waseJamani wamalungelo oluntu kunye nokukhuthaza ubugcisa nenkcubeko kufuneka ukhalaze ngokukhawuleza kuwe malunga nokwephulwa kwamalungelo abantu eMorocco. Konke kwaqala ngekhitshi lesuphu elenzelwe ilizwe laseAfrika, ebelibanjwe ngamasiko ukusukela ngoMeyi 2018 eTangier, kuba kufanelekile ukuba sizithengise isuphu zentengiso eMarrakech. Sele kungunyaka ngoku, sibabone abantu besitya emigqomeni yenkunkuma, kwaye ikhitshi lethu lesuphu ngokuqinisekileyo beliza kunceda abanye abantu ukuba bagcwale. Kutheni amagosa akho ediliza igadi yethu yomculi? Kwisicelo sesakhiwo ngoSeptemba 2018, ayiphendulwanga ngabasemagunyeni. Yonke imihla sizama ukunxibelelana nabalawuli bakho ngandlela zonke zeli lizwe liphuma kwiPalamente ngokusebenzisa abameli bakho beMoroccan, engasebenzanga. Khange baphendule. NgoDisemba u-2018 umsebenzi wethu wokuphuhlisa i-PixelHELPER Tombia Braide wasweleka kuba ecaphukisiwe yindlela yokuziphatha kwabasemagunyeni kangangokuba wasweleka ngenxa yesifo sentliziyo. Ewe, wangcwatywa njengememorandam kungekho mntu ukhoyo kwaye isityholo satshintshelwa kwi-Moroccan Undertaker. Sazakhela inkumbulo ngaye, le nto yatshabalaliswa ngabaxhaphazi babo.Sityala imali kwi-100.000 € eMorocco kwisithuba sonyaka. Kusebenzise isonka esibhakiweyo esenziwe ngecanche ukubonelela ngozinzo lokutya e-Afrika kwaye kubonelelwe kwilali yethu imihla ngemihla ngesonka sasimahla. Umlingane wakho uthatha iindwendwe kuthi ukuba ziye kwindawo enezizathu ukuba kungavunyelwa ukuba zityelele. Ukuphandlwa kwezityholo ngokubekwa iindwendwe zethu kunokuba ngumngcatshi kwaye uFreemason akanakunyamezeleka. Emva kwalapho bekukho izithonga zokundwendwela kwethu. Iintatheli zalelwa kaninzi ukutyelelwa kwepropathi yethu ngamapolisa. Nangona sinawo onke amaxwebhu afunekayo okufumana ii-visa zokutyala kwilizwe lakho, kubandakanya iminyaka ye-3 yokuqeshisa ngenketho yokuthenga, amapolisa akho afuna ukusityhafisa kanzima. Sifuna ukubuyiselwa kwentshabalalo kunye nokwakhiwa ngokutsha kwesonka esibhakiweyo. Kuya kufuneka kwakhona wazise amapolisa asekuhlaleni ukuba amagcisa awungabo aboyiki. Kuba le yindlela esiphathwa ngayo. Abasebenzi bethu basongelwa yi-Mkadem, isandla sasekhohlo seCaid, ngokomzimba abakwazi ukuvala imingxunya kwiindonga zethu zangaphandle. Kumthendeleko weswekile, iqela lethu lingadinga isirinji ngenxa yokuluma kwenja. Ngelishwa, isebe lakhe lezempilo lavalwa e-Ait Ourir naseMarrakech. Sicela i-100.000 Euro ngokwakhiwa ngokutsha kunye nokuxolisa ngokwakho kwinkosi yamapolisa e-Ait Ourir nakwiCaid eseAit Faska. Abaze bathethe nathi kodwa banxibelelana kuphela nabantu ababukele. Ngenxa yobundlobongela bamapolisa ngokuchasene neendwendwe zethu, sifuna abasebenzi be-100 ukhetho lwethu lweminyaka ye-100 ukusuka e-Ait Faska naseAit Ourir ukuze sisebenze kwiiprojekthi zethu zobugcisa.

Inkampu yabasebenzi abayinyanzelekileyo eMorocco. AmaYuda amaninzi afela apha.

Ehlotyeni i-1942 ityelele uGqr. I-Wyss-Denant International Red Cross Mission (IRC) ikhokele iinkampu zeBoudnib, Bououfa kunye neBerguent. Namhlanje akukho mntu ukhumbula ilanga kwezi lali ezikude.
Ukudiliza kunye ne2 bulldozers ngurhulumente
Izulu elimnyama lenza isikhumbuzo se-Holocaust kwiyunithi enye. Iindwendwe ziyazula kwezi
Ukulinganiswa kwesona sikhumbuzo sikhulu sokufa kwabantu emhlabeni
Inkangeleko ngaphambi kwembubhiso. Ukwakha unyaka we-1 nge-10 Moroccans.
Kwakhona ukugquma okwenziwe nguWalter Lübecke kwatshatyalaliswa kwapeyintwa ngaphezulu. Iflegi ye-EU yaphukile emhlabeni.

Ukusukela oko kutshutshiswa isikhumbuzo sethu sesaNtu esikuva macala onke ukuba akukho namnye umJuda owabhubha eMorocco, kukho iinkampu ekusetyenzwa nzima kuzo ngenxa yokuhamba ngomkhondo kaloliwe kunye neminye imveliso yemizi-mveliso. Ukusebenza kude kuse ekufeni. Ukutshutshiswa ngumsebenzi. Eli nqaku lembali yaseMorocan alkenziwa kude kube ngoku, kwaye ke ngoko iSikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kufuneka sakhiwe kwakhona ngurhulumente weMoroccan ukuhambisa olu lwazi.

Iyonke yayikhona kwi-French ekhuselayo iMorocco 14 yokuthwala iintlobo ezahlukeneyo ze-4.000 yendoda. Isinye kwisithathu ngamaYuda awezizwe ezahlukeneyo. Amabanjwa onke yayingamadoda, ngaphandle kwaSidi Al Ayachi, apho kwakukho abafazi nabantwana. Ezinye iinkampu bezigcinwe ngamaziko okugcina, okoko iintolongo zenene zabachasi bezopolitiko. Abanye babebizwa ngokuba ziinkampu zohambo zokubalekela. Ukanti ezinye zazigcinelwe abasebenzi bamanye amazwe. Okanye amaYuda kwiNkampu yeBou Arfa Ngaphantsi kweVichy, i-Trans-Sahab Railway yaba luphawu olubalulekileyo lokusebenzisana kunye neReich Reich. Ke ngoko, kwabakho isidingo esikhulu sabasebenzi. Ngubani ongakwaziyo ukusebenza ngaphezulu ofile ngeenxa zonke.

Amawakawaka abantu baseSpain Republican baba noxanduva kumaqela abasebenzi bamanye amazwe ekwakheni nasekulondolozeni iitreyini zoololiwe. Isantya somsebenzi emva kokubaleka impindezelo kaFranco yayinobuqhophololo kwaye ingekho rhabaxa .. Abasebenzi baseSpain baguqulwa baba zizigwebo zokwenyani. AmaYuda agxothiweyo akuMbindi Yurophu kwaye amaKomanisi aseFransi atshintshelwa apho. Ubomi bemihla ngemihla apho babunzima. Uninzi lufe ngokuphathwa gadalala, ngokuphathwa gadalala, ngokugula, yindlala okanye linxaniwe, ukulunywa sisithsaba okanye ukulunywa yinyoka.

Inkampu yeBerguent (iAin Beni Mathar) yayiqhutywa liSebe lezoMveliso wezoMveliso. Yayigcinelwe kuphela amaJuda (i-155 ngoJulayi 1942 kwaye emva koko i-400 iqala i-1943 ngokwengxelo yeCRI). "Kodwa le ntuthuzelo ngokomoya ayiyiphelisi into yokuba inkampu yase Bergue yenye yezona zimbi," utshilo uJamaa Baida. Umnqamlezo obomvu wacelwa ukuba uvale, amaJuda ahlala eBerguedu, ngakumbi avela kumbindi Yurophu, ngaphambili abalekele eFransi. Amavolontiya eLegitan angaphandle axhotyiswe ngezopolitiko emva kohlaselo lwe1940 emva koko bavalelwa ngenxa yezizathu zolawulo. Kwakunjalo ngoSawule Albert, ummi waseTurkey oweza eFrance ene1922. Wayegcinwe e-Bergua de wakhululwa ngo-Matshi 1943. Kwidayari yakhe ubhala athi:

"10. NgoFebruwari (1941): Amatye aqhekezwe imini yonke. 2. NgoMatshi ...: Handover kwiqela lesihlanu kunye namaJamani aseJamani. Andiyithandi kwaphela. Umsebenzi awufani; Kwafuneka silahle ... 6. Epreli: Asinokwazi ukuma obu bomi kwakhona. Ndinomkhuhlane, izinyo ... 22. NgoSeptemba: URosh Hashanah: Akukho mntu wayefuna ukusebenza ... 1. Oktobha: ayitywanga ... "

Oonogada, uninzi lwabo babengamaJamani, baziphatha gadalala, banentiyo, kwaye babaphatha gadalala. "Ngebabezijoyine i-NS-SS eyaziwayo." Amanye amabanjwa abaleka, afika eCasablanca kwaye ajoyina imikhosi.

E-Boudnib, idolophu encinci enabemi be-10.000, iinkampu zomkhosi ezikhoyo zingamangqina okugqibela enkampu yomkhosi wase-France. Abahlali abadala bagcina amaqhekeza ezinkumbulo: "Ndingakuxelela izinto ezimbini ngokuqinisekileyo. Eyokuqala yiphecana leBoudnib, elakhiwa ikakhulu ngamaYuda. Okwesibini kukuba uninzi lweenkampi zedolophu bafundiswa kwisikolo samabanga aphantsi. "(I-Tel Quel Magazine No. 274 ye19./25, ngoMeyi 2007).

UMaurice Rue, intatheli yobukomanisi, wavalelwa apho. Usixelele ukuba "amabanjwa e-40, ikota ezintathu yayingamaKomanisi, amaSoshiyali, kunye namaGaullists ngaphambi kokuba kufike ama-40 amaJuda kwiinyanga ezimbalwa."

Emva kokubekwa kweMelika kwi-8. Ngo-Novemba u-1942 wajoyina iMorocco kwicala le-Allies. NgoJanuwari 1943, iiAllies zidibene kwinkomfa eyayiseCasablanca. Isivumelwano sobuchule kunye nesomkhosi sasayinwa. Kungekudala emva koko kuqala ngokuhlaselwa kweSicily (Operation Husky, Julayi 1943) isiphelo seYurophu sathatyathwa yiJamani.

Ulwakhiwo eBou Arfa aluphazanyiswanga kwaye iimeko azitshintshanga kakhulu zabangcono. Bahlawulwa ngcono kunokuba amabanjwa e-Italiya naseJamani athatha indawo yamaKomanisi kunye namaJuda. Nangona kunjalo, ukwakhiwa kweTrans-Sahara kuhlala kuyinto yesiqhelo. Iprojekthi, eyonyulwe njengengafanelekanga, yayekwa yiFrance kuphela i-1949.

Ngaphandle koko, iibheringi zachithwa ngokukhawuleza phakathi kokuphela kwe1942 kunye nokuqala kwe1943.

Imibhalo ebhalwe nguBill Cran noKarin Davison, eyabhalwa e-Arte, ent

Ulwazi olungalunganga kwimidiya yaseMoroccan

Sibongoza abo banembopheleleko kwiinkampani zeendaba ezichaphazelekayo ukuba baprinte impendulo nenyaniso. Indawo ekuyiwa kuyo i-PixelHELPER eMorocco yayikukudala iindlela ezisebenzayo zoncedo loluntu kunye neeprojekthi zobugcisa zokulawula-apha kwizakhiwo zethu - nesoftware ephuculweyo esetyenziswayo kunye esetyenziswayo yemihla ngemihla esayiboniswa kwiNtetho yeTED eMarrakech. Ukongeza kwifama yaselwandle, ukubhaka izonka okusemathinini kunye nokuthunga kwemisebenzi yabantu, sakha nendawo yokwakha ubugcisa ngekopi yomda wangaphandle we-EU, isikhumbuzo sokutshutshiswa kwabantu abancinci kuzo zonke iinkolo kunye nemifanekiso eqingqiweyo ye-Orthanc tower #HerrderRinge. Yonke le misebenzi ibisenziwa ngokucacileyo ekuhlaleni oluphakathi kweSeptemba 2018 ne-Agasti 2019. Ngokwesahlulo esithathwe kwiNkosi yeRings Cosplay okanye iimpahla zeCampling yeCommunity. NgoSeptemba, sangenisa i-2018 isicelo semvume yegadi yethu ngokufakelwa kobugcisa esingazange sahlelwa kuba usodolophu wayengasinaki unyaka we-1. Xa safumanisa ukuba akukho nxibelelwano, saqala ukwenza iprojekthi yethu. Amaphephandaba abanga izinto ezingalunganga, ezinje ngala: Amanzi avuzayo: Awungebi amanzi ngawakho umthombo kwaye akukho nxu lumano kumnatha wamanzi wasekhaya. Ngokuchasene noko, xa inqanawa yamanzi yendawo leyo yaqhawuka kuyo yonke ilali, isisele sethu ngaphandle sasingangeentsuku zenkonzo yabahlali. IStromklau: Sasineemali eziphezulu zombane ezivela kwi-200-300 € ngenyanga, azange khe ndibiwe ngombane. Ukuxhaswa ngemali kwePixelHELPER kwiminyaka yakutshanje ixhaswe ngemali kwi-15% ngonyaka ngeminikelo kunye ne-85% evela kwimisebenzi apho uPixelHELPER ebonelele ngokuqikelela ukukhanya kweminye imibutho. Oku kuthetha ukuba nokuba sicela umnikelo kwi-ofisi nganye eposini, eyona nto iphambili kuyo inkxaso-mali kukuqikelela okulula kwabantu besithathu. I-PixelHELPER ayikaze ibize iMoriya ngokuchasene nobuJuda kodwa yayifuna ukwenza iSikhumbuzo kumaYuda anqunyanyisiweyo, iSinti & Roma, i-Uyghurs ... njengendawo yoluntu yokuqokelela ulwazi lwenkcubeko kunye nembali. Umseki wePixelHELPER uboniswa kwimithombo yeendaba yaseMorocco njengefanasini, kodwa uye wathandana ngokuqinileyo nowesifazane waseBrazil iminyaka eliqela. Asikaze sisebenzise abantwana, kodwa sinike abantwana abahluphekayo ebumelwaneni iimpahla zoncedo zasimahla, imali, iibhayisekile, iminqwazi, kunye nezinye iitrokethi, kwaye sineenjongo ngebala lebhola. Izityholo zokuba sifuna ukudala uSirayeli wesibini eMorocco, asinazo naziphi na izibakala. Ukuthandabuza kweMoroccans ngaphezulu kweFreemasonry nako akunasihlahla njengoko iLodge 1867 yokuqala yasungulwa eTangier. Kukho nendawo yokuhlala yabasetyhini emsulwa. Asizange sidibane neMoroccan Masons okanye senze umsebenzi wokuhlala. Umbutho wethu uphoxekile ngabasemagunyeni baseMorocco ababone yonke imihla kwilali ephilayo ukuba senza ntoni apha. Siphinde sichaze rhoqo oko sicebayo kwaye sikwenzile kwikomkhulu lethu lePixelHELPER lokuhlala. Ukuba bonke abantu bangaphandle abayiqondi le ntshukumo, abayiboni into yobugcisa, abazi ukuba kuncedo lwangoku lokudlalwa kwemithombo yolwazi kusetyenziswa imithombo yeendaba zentlalo kwaye boyika i-freemasonry engasekelwanga mda ayilotyala lePixelHELPER kodwa isekwe kwimfundo yabo ngezihloko. Wonke umntu unokufumana ulwazi. Njengoko besibona ihlala kwi-intanethi yonke imihla, ibingangumsebenzi worhulumente waseMoroccan ukuba ube nokuthetha nathi ebesisoloko sikuhambisa. Bonke abafowunelwa bebengaphendulwanga. UPixelHELPER wabhala kabini onke amalungu epalamente yaseMorika nge-imeyile. Onke amalungu eCORCAS afumene ii-imeyile ezininzi. Zonke i-embass ze-Moroccan ezisehlabathini zifumana ulwazi rhoqo kuthi. Umsebenzi wozakuzaku weMorocan eSweden wayexelelwa rhoqo ngale projekthi. Iphephandaba likrokrela malunga nomfanekiso we-cosplay apho abasebenzi bethu banxiba #herring amakhonkco ezinxibo ezibonakalisa imeko ebuhlungu. I-Merkel rhombus eyayibunjwe ngezandla yathunyelwa ngathi ngumfanekiso ohlekisayo we-cosplay kwaye ayinayo kwaphela imvelaphi ye-Meld. Ukudilizwa, i-obelisk yethu yaba yeyomntu oswelekileyo #TombiaBraide sitshabalalisiwe, umthwalo wethu wekhamera ye-15 yemitha kunye - kwaye - utshatyalaliswe ngabom amawaka amawaka e-euros kunye ne-wiring yenethiwekhi. Zonke ezi ngxelo ziyaqinisekiswa. Ityala alikho ngePixelHELPER kodwa kwimngxunya yokunxibelelana kwabasemagunyeni eMoroccan. Ngaphambi kokuqala iprojekthi eMorocco ngonyaka we-2014, u-Oliver Bienkowski wazisa ngokwakhe inxusa laseMorocco eliseBerlin ngazo zonke iiprojekthi ezicwangcisiweyo.

Isikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMantla eAfrika

Umqondiso ngokuchasene neentshutshiso ezincinci emhlabeni jikelele. Ukwakhiwa kweSikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMantla e-Afrika senzelwe ukusebenza njengomthombo wolwazi malunga nokuBulawa kwaBantu ezikolweni naseburhulumenteni ngokubanzi.

Ukuba ibhloko nganye ithi kratya kwamagama angaphezu kwewaka. Umsebenzi wokwakha kwisikhumbuzo sokuqala se-Holocaust eMantla Afrika uqalile kwi-17.07. Sibeka isibhakabhaka ukunika iindwendwe kwi-labyrinth yeebhlokhi ezingwevu ukuba zingabinalo uncedo kunye nokoyika abantu ababenazo kwiinkampu zoxinaniso emva koko. Sifuna ukudala indawo eMantla e-Afrika ezisa inkumbulo kwiminyaka yobudijithali. Ngomlinganiso ophilayo, ababukeli bakhona kwindawo yokwakha kwaye banokusebenzisa iminikelo yakho ukuphembelela inani labasebenzi kunye neebhloko eziza kwakhiwa. Abantu abangakumbi babukele banikele ngemali enkulu yesiKhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe sibe.

Isikhumbuzo se-Holocaust eMarrakech kuthiwa sesona sikhulu emhlabeni. Amaxesha e-5 ubungakanani beSikhumbuzo sase-Berlin Holocaust kamva aya kuba kwisibhakabhaka samatye e-10.000 ejikeleze iziko lolwazi elifundisa iindwendwe malunga nokuBulawa kwabantu ngentshabalalo.

Umseki wePixelHELPER Foundation, uOliver Bienkowski, wakhangela isibongo sakhe kwindawo yogcino lwedatha yeYad Vashem wafumana amanye amangeniso, emva koko wajonga indawo apho iSikhumbuzo sokuQalwa Kwesizwe sase-Afrika safumana enye kuphela eMzantsi Afrika. Kuba kufana nesiqingatha sohambo lwehlabathi ukusuka eMorocco, wagqiba ekubeni akhe isikhumbuzo se-Holocaust kwisiza sePixelHELPER. Iipropathi ezingabamelwane azinanto, ngoko ke kukho indawo yokwakha okungenani i-10.000 yezulu.

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