Amakamu okufukuzwa kuwo aseBou Arfa Isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMorocco

Emakamu okufukuzwa kuwo aseMorocco, kwafa izinkulungwane zabantu besebenza ujantshi weSahara. Ngenxa yalokhu, iMorocco nayo inendaba yokuQothulwa Kwesizwe. Babiza uBouarfa ngokuthi i-Auschwitz yasehlane

Vula Incwadi eya kwiKing Mohammed 6 yaseMorocco.

Sawubona Mhlonishwa uMohammed VI, ubuciko abulona icala. Inhlangano yethu yaseJalimane yamalungelo abantu kanye nokukhuthaza ubuciko namasiko kumele ikhononde ngokuphuthumayo kuwe mayelana nokwephulwa kwamalungelo abantu okungathi sína eMorocco. Konke kwaqala ngekhishi lesobho leselula le-Afrika, eliye labanjwa amasiko kusukela ngoMeyi 2018 eTangier, ngoba kufanele sithengise amasobho wokuthengisa eMarrakech. Okunyaka manje, sibone abantu bedla ngamathini kadoti, futhi nekhishi lethu lesobho ngokuqinisekile belizosiza abanye abantu ukuthi bagcwale. Kungani abaphathi bakho bediliza ingadi yethu yabaculi? Ukufaka isicelo sesakhiwo ngoSepthemba 2018, asizange siphendulwe yiziphathimandla zakho. Zonke izinsuku sizama ukuxhumana nabaphathi bakho ngazo zonke iziteshi zezwe ezivela ePhalamende ngamanxusa akho aseMorocco, angasebenzi. Abakaze baphendule. NgoDisemba u-2018 isisebenzi sethu sokuthuthukisa i-PixelHELPER uTombia Braide washona ngoba wayecasuke kakhulu ngokuziphatha kweziphathimandla waze wabulawa yisifo senhliziyo. Impela, wangcwatshwa njengesikhumbuzo ngaphandle kwamuntu owayekhona futhi lelo cala lidluliselwa kuMoroccan Undertaker. Sazakhela ama-sundial ukukhumbula ngaye, lokhu kwacekelwa phansi ngababhulisi bawo. Sitshale imali ye-100.000 € eMorocco kungakapheli nonyaka. Sisebenzise isinkwa esibhakiwe esikheniwe ukuhlinzeka ngozinzo e-Afrika futhi sihlinzeka nedolobhana lethu nsuku zonke ngesinkwa samahhala. I-gendarmerie yakho ithatha izivakashi kithi ziye endaweni ngezizathu ezenqatshelwe ukusivakashela. Ukuphenywa ngezinsolo ngesivakashi sethu kungaba umngcatshi futhi iFreemason ayibekezeleleki. Ngemuva kwalapho kube nokugwazwa kwesivakashi sethu. Izintatheli zenqatshelwe kaningi ukuvakasha kwempahla yethu ngamaphoyisa. Yize sinayo yonke imibhalo edingekayo yokuthola ama-visa abatshalizimali ezweni lakho, kufaka phakathi isivumelwano seminyaka ye-3 onokukhetha ukuthenga, amaphoyisa akho afuna ukusinyina kanzima. Sifuna ukubuyiselwa komhlaba ngokubhujiswa kanye nokwakhiwa kabusha kwesinkwa esibhakiwe. Kufanele futhi utshele amaphoyisa endawo ukuthi abaculi abawona amaphekula. Ngoba yileyo ndlela esiphathwa ngayo. Abasebenzi bethu basatshiswa yiMkadem, isandla sobunxele seCaid, ngokomzimba abakwazi ukuvala izimbobo ezindongeni zethu ezingaphandle. Ngomkhosi woshukela iqembu lethu belizodinga isirinji yemarabi ngenxa yokulunywa yinja. Ngeshwa, umnyango wakhe wezempilo uvaliwe e-Ait Ourir naseMarrakech. Sifuna i-100.000 Euro ukuthi yakhiwe kabusha futhi ixolise ngokwayo kusuka kumphathi wamaphoyisa e-Ait Ourir naseCaid e-Ait Faska. Abalokothi bakhulume nathi kepha baxhumana nabantu ababukeleyo kuphela. Ngenxa yodlame lwamaphoyisa ngokumelene nesihambeli sethu, sidinga abasebenzi be-100 esikukhethayo ngeminyaka ye-100 kusuka e-Ait Faska nase-Ait Ourir ukuze basebenze kumaphrojekthi wethu wobuciko.

Ikamu lezisebenzi elaliphoqelekile laseMorobha. AmaJuda amaningi afela lapha.

Ehlobo i-1942 ivakashele uDkt. IWyss-Denant International Red Cross Mission (IRC) yahola amakamu eBoudnib, Bou Boufa naseBerguent. Namuhla akekho okhumbula ilanga kulezi zindawo ezikude.
Ukudiliza nama-2 bulldozers asembusweni
Izulu elimnyama lenza isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kwiyunithi eyodwa. Izivakashi ziyazulazula kulezi
Isikhumbuzo sesikhumbuzo esikhulu sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe emhlabeni
Ukubukeka ngaphambi kokubhujiswa. Ukwakhiwa kwe-1 unyaka nge-10 Moroccans.
Futhi ukugqwala kukaWalter Lübecke kwacekelwa phansi futhi nokudwetshwa ngaphezulu. Ifulegi le-EU liphukile emhlabathini.

Kusukela kudilizwa isikhumbuzo sethu sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe esizwa kuzo zonke izinhlangothi ukuthi akekho umJuda owashona eMorocco, kwakukhona amakamu okufukuzwa kuwo amathrekhi ezitimela neminye imikhiqizo yezimboni. Ukusebenza kuze kube sekufeni. Ukubhujiswa ngomsebenzi. Le ngxenye yomlando weMoroka ayikakenziwa, ngakho-ke iSikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kumele sakhiwe kabusha yisimo saseMoroccan ukwethula lolu lwazi.

Sekukonke bekukhona kumvikeli waseFrance iMorobho 14 othwala izinhlobo ezahlukene nge-4.000 man. Ingxenye yesithathu yayingamaJuda ezizwe ezihlukile. Iziboshwa zonke zazingamadoda, ngaphandle kwaseSidi Al Ayachi, lapho kwakukhona khona abesifazane nezingane. Amanye amakamu ayevikelwe eziteshini zokuboshwa, okungukuthi, amajele angempela abaphikisi bezombusazwe ababuswa umbuso weVichy. Abanye babebizwa ngamakamu okuhamba ababaleki. Futhi ezinye bezigcinelwe izisebenzi zakwamanye amazwe. Noma amaJuda asekamu laseBou Arfa Ngaphansi kweVichy, iTrans-Sahab Railway yaba uphawu olubalulekile lokubambisana neReich Reich. Ngakho-ke, kwakunesidingo esikhulu sabasebenzi. Ubani ongeke asebenze kakhulu efile lapho.

Izinkulungwane zabantu baseSpain Republican baba neqhaza emaqenjini ezisebenzi zakwamanye amazwe ekwakheni nasekulondolozeni amathrekhi ezitimela. Ijubane lomsebenzi ngemuva kokubalekela ukucindezelwa kukaFranco lalinonya futhi linobudlova. Izisebenzi zaseSpain zaguqulwa zaba yizikhalazo zangempela. AmaJuda asuswa eCentral Europe kanye namaKhomanisi amaFrance adluliselwa lapho. Impilo yansuku zonke eyayilapho yayiyimbi. Abaningi bafa ngokuhlukumezeka, ukuhlukunyezwa, ukugula, indlala noma ukoma, ukugcwala kofaka noma ukulunywa yinyoka.

Ikhempu yaseBerguent (i-Ain Beni Mathar) yayisetshenziswa nguMnyango Wezimboni Yezokukhiqiza. Ibigcinelwe amaJuda kuphela (i-155 ngoJulayi 1942 bese kuthi i-400 iqale i-1943 ngokusho kombiko we-CRI). "Kepha le nduduzo engokomoya ayilinciphisanga iqiniso lokuthi ikamu laseBerggg lalingelinye elibi kakhulu," kusho uJamaa Baida. I-Red Cross yacelwa ukuthi ivalwe phansi, amaJuda ahlala eBerguedu, ikakhulukazi aqhamuka eCentral Europe, ngaphambili abalekele eFrance. Amavolontiya amaLegion angaphandle anenkani kulandela ukunqotshwa kwe1940 abesebenza ngenxa yezizathu zokuphatha. Lokhu bekunjalo ngoSaul Albert, isakhamuzi saseTurkey eza neFrance ne1922. Uboshwe eBergua waze wadedelwa ngoMashi 1943. Ebhukwini lakhe liyabhala:

"10. NgoFebhuwari (1941): Amatshe Broke usuku lonke. 2. NgoMashi ...: Handover eqenjini lesihlanu namaJuda aseJalimane. Angikuthandi lokho. Umsebenzi awufani; Bekumele silahle ... 6. Ephreli: Ngeke sisakwazi ukuyimela le mpilo. Nginomkhuhlane, izinyo ... 22. NgoSepthemba: URosh Hashanah: Akekho owayefuna ukusebenza ... 1. Ngo-Okthoba: akudliwe ... "

Onogada, iningi labo ababengamaJalimane, baziphatha ngobushiqela, benokhahlo futhi benokhahlo. "Kufanele ngabe bajoyina i-NS-SS edumile." Ezinye iziboshwa ziphunyuke, zafika eCasablanca futhi zajoyina amabutho.

EBoudnib, idolobhana elinezakhamizi ze10.000, amakamelo ezempi amanje ngofakazi bokugcina bekamu lamasosha aseFrance. Izakhamizi ezindala zigcina izingcezu zezikhumbuzo: "Ngingakutshela izinto ezimbili ngokuqiniseka. Owokuqala ipheshana iBoudnib, eliqukethe ikakhulu amaJuda. Okwesibili ukuthi iningi lamakamu edolobha lafundiswa isikole samabanga aphansi. "(I-Tel Quel Magazine No. 274 ye19./25, ngoMeyi 2007).

UMaurice Rue, intatheli yamakhomanisi, waqeqeshwa lapho. Usitshele ukuthi "zeziboshwa ze40, izingxenye ezintathu bekungamaKhomanisi, amaSocialist kanye namaGaullists ngaphambi kokuba ama-40 amaJuda afike izinyanga ezimbalwa."

Ngemuva kokufika kweMelika kwi8. UNovemba 1942 ujoyine iMorocco ohlangothini lwe-Allies. NgoJanuwari 1943, ama-Allies ahlangana engqungqutheleni eyayiseCasablanca. Kwasayinwa isivumelwano samasu namasosha. Kungekudala ngemuva kwalokho kuqala ngokuhlasela kweSicily (Operation Husky, Julayi 1943) ukuphela kweYurophu ethathwe yiJalimane.

Ukwakhiwa eBou Arfa akuzange kuphazanyiswe futhi izimo azishintshanga kakhulu zaba ngcono. Babekhokhelwa kangcono kuneziboshwa zase-Italy nezaseJalimane esikhundleni samaKhomanisi namaJuda. Kodwa-ke, ukwakhiwa kweTrans-Sahara kuhlala kuyisihogo semihla ngemihla. Iphrojekthi, eyakhethwa njengengafanele, yashiywa yiFrance kuphela i-1949.

Ngaphandle kwalokho, izinhlwayiya zahlakazwa ngokushesha phakathi kokuphela kwe-1942 nokuqala kwe-1943.

Imibhalo ebhalwe nguBill Cran noKarin Davison, eyabhalwa e-Arte, ent

Imininingwane engalungile kwabezindaba zeMoroccan

Sincenga labo ababhekele izinkampani zemidiya ezithintekile ukuthi baphrinte impendulo yethu neqiniso. Indawo ye-PixelHELPER eMorocco kwakungukudala izindlela ezisebenzayo zosizo losizo lwabantu kanye namaphrojekthi wezobuciko - lapha ezakhiweni zethu - ngesoftware esetshenziswayo eyenziwe nsuku zonke neyenziwe nsuku zonke esethula ku-TED Talk eMarrakech. Ngokungezelela epulazini le-algae, ibhikawozi lesinkwa esenziwe okheniweni kanye nokuthunga imisebenzi yabantu, sakha nendawo yokwakha ubuciko ngekhophi yomngcele wangaphandle we-EU, isikhumbuzo sosizi oluncane olushushisiwe lwazo zonke izinkolo kanye nemifanekiso yombhoshongo we-Orthanc #HerrderRinge. Yonke le misebenzi yenziwa ngokusobala ekusakazweni bukhoma phakathi kukaSeptemba 2018 no-Agasti 2019. Ngokwengxenye egqokwe ku-Lord of the Rings Cosplay noma i-Concentration Camp dress. NgoSepthemba, sangenisa i-2018 isicelo semvume yengadi yethu ngokufakwa kobuciko okungakaze kuhlelwe ngoba iMeya ingasinaki unyaka we-1. Lapho sibona ukuthi akukho ukuxhumana, saqala ukusebenzisa iphrojekthi yethu. Amaphephandaba athi izinto ezingalungile, njenge: Amanzi Okuvuza: Awukwazi ukweba amanzi ngomthombo wakho futhi ungaxhumeki kunethiwekhi yamanzi yendawo. Ngokuphambene nalokho, lapho ibhilidi lamanzi lale ndawo liphulwa wonke lo muzi, isikebhe sethu ngaphandle sasingangezinsuku sikhonza izakhamuzi. IStromklau: Sasinezikweletu zikagesi eziphezulu ezivela ku-200-300 € ngenyanga, asikaze sintshontshwe ugesi. Ukuxhaswa ngezimali kwePixelHELPER eminyakeni yamuva nje kuxhaswe ngemali eyi-15% ngonyaka ngeminikelo nange-85% kusuka emisebenzini lapho uPixelHELPER ehlinzekele ukukhanyiselwa okulula kwezinye izinhlangano. Lokhu kusho ukuthi noma sicela imali kwihhovisi ngalinye leposi, umnyombo oyinhloko wokuxhaswa ngezimali ukuqagela okulula kwabavela eceleni. I-PixelHELPER ayikaze ibize iMoriya ukuthi ilwa namaJuda kodwa yafuna ukudala iSikhumbuzo kubaJuda ababulawa, iSinti & Roma, i-Uyghurs ... njengendawo yomphakathi yokuqoqa imininingwane yamasiko kanye nomlando. Umsunguli wePixelHELPER uvezwa kwabezindaba zeMorocan njengobungqingili, kodwa ubelokhu ethandana ngokuphelele nowesifazane waseBrazil iminyaka eminingana. Asikaze sisebenzise izingane, kodwa sihlinzeke izingane ezihlupheka endaweni eziseduze ngezingubo zamahhala, imali, amabhayisekili, izigqoko, namanye amathokheni, futhi sinemigomo yenkundla yebhola. Izinsolo zokuthi sifuna ukudala u-Israyeli wesibili eMorocco, awunawo amaqiniso. Ukugxeka kwamaMoroccans ngeFreemasonry nakho akunasisekelo njengoba iLodge 1867 yokuqala yasungulwa eTangier. Kukhona nendawo yokuhlala yabesifazane engenacala eMorobha. Thina ngokwethu besingakaze sihlangane neMoroccan Masons noma senze umsebenzi wokuhlala. Inhlangano yethu iphoxekile ngeziphathimandla zaseMorocco ezikubonile nsuku zonke ekusakazeni okubukhoma esikwenzayo lapha. Siphinde sichaze njalo lokho esikuhlelayo futhi sikusebenzise kwikomkhulu lethu le-PixelHELPER live. Ukuthi bonke abantu bangaphandle abaziqondi kahle lezi zenzo, ababoni ubuciko, abazi ukuthi usizo lwesimanjemanje lwesasizo ngokusebenzisa imithombo yezokuxhumana futhi besaba ukuthi freemasonry olungenasilo akulona iphutha lePixelHELPER kepha lusekelwe emfundweni yabo ngezihloko. Wonke umuntu angathola imininingwane. Njengoba sikubona kuphila ku-inthanethi nsuku zonke, bekuzoba ngumsebenzi kahulumeni waseMoroccan ukuthi ube nezingxoxo nathi ebesilokhu sizinikeza. Bonke othintana nabo bebengaphendulwanga. UPixelHELPER ubhale kabili wonke amalungu ePhalamende laseMorocco nge-imeyili. Onke amalungu e-CORCAS athole ama-imeyili amaningi. Zonke izithunywa zeMoroccan emhlabeni zivame ukuthola imininingwane kithi. Isisebenzi senxusa leMorocan eSweden sasihlala saziswa ngalo msebenzi. Amaphephandaba akhononda ngesithombe se-cosplay lapho abasebenzi bethu begqoke khona izindandatho #herring kukhombisa isimo esibuhlungu. I-Merkel rhombus ebibunjiwe ngezandla yathunyelwa yithina njengesithombe se-cosplay ehlekisayo futhi ayinasizinda sangempela se-Masonic. Ngokudilizwa, i-obelisk yethu yaba ngomufi #TombiaBraide ichithwe, umthwalo wethu wekhamera yemitha ye-15 & - ichithwe ngamabomu ngamawaka ambalwa ama-euro wamandla & wiring yenethiwekhi. Zonke lezi zitatimende ziyaqinisekiseka. Icala alikho kuPixelHELPER kepha ngomgodi wokuxhumana weziphathimandla zaseMoroccan. Ngaphambi kokuqala iphrojekthi eMorocco ngonyaka we-2014, u-Oliver Bienkowski wazise yena uqobo inxusa laseMorocco eliseBerlin ngayo yonke imisebenzi ehlelekile.

Isikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika

Isibonakaliso sokulwa nezinsizwa ezishushiswa emhlabeni jikelele. Ukwakhiwa kweSikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika kuhloswe ukusebenza njengomthombo wolwazi mayelana nokuQothulwa Kwesizwe ezikoleni nasemphakathini jikelele.

Uma yonke ibhulokhi isho amagama angaphezu kwenkulungwane. Umsebenzi wokwakha wesikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika waqala e17.07. Sakha isibhakabhaka ukuze sinikeze izivakashi emabhulashini ama-grey blockb umuzwa wokungakwazi ukusiza nokusaba abantu ababenawo emakamu okuhlushwa ngaleso sikhathi. Sifuna ukudala indawo eNyakatho Afrika eletha inkumbulo yobudala bedijithali. Ngokudlalwa bukhoma, izibukeli zikhona endaweni yokwakha futhi zingasebenzisa iminikelo yakho ukuthonya isibalo sabasebenzi namabhulokhi azokwakhiwa. Lapho abantu bebuka futhi benikela ngemali enkulu iSikhumbuzo Sokubulawa Kwabantu.

Isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMarrakech kuthiwa sikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Izikhathi ze-5 ezinobukhulu be-Berlin Holocaust Memorial ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ziba sedongeni lamatshe e-10.000 elizungeze isikhungo semininingwane esifundisa izivakashi ngokuQothulwa Kwesizwe.

Umsunguli wePixelHELPER Foundation, u-Oliver Bienkowski, wafuna isibongo sakhe ku-database ye-Yad Vashem futhi wakuthola okufakiwe, wabe esebheka ukuthi iSikhumbuzo Sokufa Kwesizwe esise-Afrika sathola kuphi esisodwa lapha eNingizimu Afrika. Njengoba kunjengengxenye yohambo lomhlaba wonke esuka eMorocco, wanquma ukwakha iSikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kusayithi lePixelHELPER. Izici ezingomakhelwane azinalutho, ngakho-ke kukhona indawo yokwakha okungenani i-10.000 steles.

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