Amakamu okufukuzwa kuwo aseBou Arfa Isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMorocco

Ukudiliza okwenziwa ngabasebenza ngokudlula emhlabeni abangu-2 ngesimo seMoroccan. I-obelisk bekuyi-sundial futhi ingenzi lutho ngesikhumbuzo se-Uygur.

Yize iningi labantu abangamaSulumane lihlala eMorocco, ama-Uighur awasekelwa eChina. Sakhe isikhumbuzo salokhu, esabonakala kuphela ngabezindaba zase-Arabhu ngemuva kokuba iphephandaba lakwa-Israel libike ngendlela efanayo nesikhumbuzo saseBerlin Holocaust. I-BBC Arab ibike ngalo msebenzi. Lokhu kwaqala isithangami sabezindaba emhlabeni jikelele lapho ukumboza kwakungasagxili kuma-Uyghurs kepha engxabanweni yakwa-Israyeli / Palestine. Ubuciko baphumelele!  

Indaba yokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kukaMoroccan kuWikipedia ayikaze ikhulume ngamakamu okusetshenzwa kuwo ehlane lapho afela khona amaJuda. Isikhumbuzo sethu sachithwa nguMnyango Wezangaphakathi waseMorocco ngemuva konyaka sakhiwa. Ngalokhu saletha isihloko somsebenzi ophoqelelwe emlandweni waseMorocco e-Wikipedia ukuze silwe nokuqamba amanga nokulwa nobuJuda. Futhi yize noma bekuwukufakwa kobuciko kusukela ekuqaleni ukukhomba ukwephulwa kwamalungelo abantu yiChina ngokumelene nama-Uyghur. 

I-boomerang yezobuciko iphinde yandiza i-arc yokudala yokulwa nokucwasana kwamaSulumane nokusho izisebenzi ezaziphoqiwe ezikhohliwe ngaphakathi kweWikipedia.

Ngeshwa, iMorocco ayizazi lezo zindlela zobuciko bezenzo. Iqembu
Esizeni sethu saseMoroccan, ngesithombe esibonisa umbhoshongo we-Orthanc ovela kwi-Lord of the Rings, impilo yenziwa nzima yiziphathimandla zaseMorocco. Ikhishi lesobho labantu abangu-500 abavela eJalimane i-THW lahluthwa, ithuna labasebenzi baseGermany abathuthukisa abanogwaja lacekelwa phansi kwathi iklabishi losizo lokuthuthuka, lapho khona izakhamuzi zahlomula ngokuqondile, lacekelwa phansi. 

D

Emakamu okufukuzwa kuwo aseMorocco, kwafa izinkulungwane zabantu besebenza ujantshi weSahara. Ngenxa yalokhu, iMorocco nayo inendaba yokuQothulwa Kwesizwe. Babiza uBouarfa ngokuthi i-Auschwitz yasehlane

Vula Incwadi eya kwiKing Mohammed 6 yaseMorocco.

Sawubona Highness Mohammed VI, Ubuciko abulona icala. Inhlangano yethu yaseJalimane yamalungelo abantu nokukhuthaza ubuciko namasiko ngokuphuthumayo kufanele ikhalaze kuwe ngokwephulwa kwamalungelo abantu eMorocco. Konke lokhu kuqale ngekhishi lesobho elihambahambayo lase-Afrika, abaphathi bakho bamasiko aseTangier abathathe kusukela ngoMeyi 2018 ngoba kufanele sifune ukuthengisa amasobho ngokuhweba eMarrakech. Sekuphele unyaka sibonile abantu bedla emigqonyeni kadoti futhi ikhishi lethu lesobho ngokuqinisekile belizosiza abanye abantu ukuthi basuthe. Kungani izikhulu zakho zidiliza ingadi yethu yabaculi? Iziphathimandla zakho aziphendulanga esicelweni sokwakha ngoSepthemba 2018. Nsuku zonke sazama ukuthola ukuxhumana nabaphathi bakho ngokusebenzisa zonke iziteshi ezweni ezivela ePhalamende ngamanxusa akho aseMorocco, angasebenzanga. Abakaze baphendule. NgoDisemba 2018, umsebenzi wethu wezokuthuthukiswa kwePixelHELPER uTombia Braide washona ngoba wayephatheke kabi ngokuziphatha kweziphathimandla waze wabulawa yisifo senhliziyo. Vele, wangcwatshwa njengememorandamu kungekho muntu owayekhona kanti icala labekwa kubangcwabi baseMorocco. Sakha isundial ukumkhumbula, yacekelwa phansi ngogandaganda bayo.Satshala imali eyi- € 100.000 eMorocco kungakapheli unyaka. Sisebenze indawo ebhaka izinkwa okusemathinini ukuqinisekisa ukuzinza kokudla e-Afrika futhi sanikeza idolobhana lethu isinkwa samahhala nsuku zonke. I-gendarmerie yakho ithatha izivakashi kithi ziyise esiteshini samaphoyisa ngezizathu zokuthi akuvunyelwe ukusivakashela. Ukuphenywa ngezinsolo isivakashi sethu kungaba ngumthengisi futhi iFreemason akufanele ibekezelelwe. Bese kuba khona izimpama ebusweni besivakashi sethu. Izintatheli zivinjelwe ukuvakashela impahla yethu ngamaphoyisa kaningana. Yize sinayo yonke imibhalo yokuthola i-visa yabatshalizimali ezweni lakho, kufaka phakathi isivumelwano seminyaka emithathu sokuqasha esinenketho yokuthenga, amaphoyisa akho afuna ukusisusa kanzima. Sifuna ukubuyiselwa imali ngokubhujiswa nokwakhiwa kabusha kwebhikawozi lesinkwa elisemathinini. Kufanele futhi wazise amaphoyisa asendaweni yakho ukuthi abaculi abawona amaphekula. Ngoba siphathwa kanjalo. Abasebenzi bethu basongelwa ngokomzimba yiMkadem, isandla sobunxele seCaid, hhayi ukuthi bavale izimbobo ezindongeni zethu zangaphandle. Emcimbini weShukela, iqembu lethu belidinga umjovo wamarabi ngenxa yokulunywa yinja. Ngeshwa, umnyango wabo wezempilo e-Ait Ourir naseMarrakech uvaliwe. Sifuna ama-euro ayi-3 100.000 ukwakhiwa kabusha nokuxolisa komuntu siqu kumphathi wamaphoyisa e-Ait Ourir kanye ne-caid ese-Ait Faska. Abangakaze bakhulume bodwa kepha baxhumana kuphela nabantu ababukele. Ngenxa yodlame lwamaphoyisa olubhekiswe esivakashini sethu, sidinga abasebenzi abangu-100 esizikhethele bona iminyaka eyikhulu kusuka kwa-Ait Faska & Ait Ourir ukuthi basebenze kumaphrojekthi wethu wobuciko.

Ikamu lezisebenzi elaliphoqelekile laseMorobha. AmaJuda amaningi afela lapha.

Ehlobo i-1942 ivakashele uDkt. IWyss-Denant International Red Cross Mission (IRC) yahola amakamu eBoudnib, Bou Boufa naseBerguent. Namuhla akekho okhumbula ilanga kulezi zindawo ezikude.
Izulu elimnyama lenza isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kwiyunithi eyodwa. Izivakashi ziyazulazula kulezi
Isikhumbuzo sesikhumbuzo esikhulu sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe emhlabeni
Ukubukeka ngaphambi kokubhujiswa. Ukwakhiwa kwe-1 unyaka nge-10 Moroccans.
Futhi ukugqwala kukaWalter Lübecke kwacekelwa phansi futhi nokudwetshwa ngaphezulu. Ifulegi le-EU liphukile emhlabathini.

Sekukonke kwakukhona amakamu ayi-14 ezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene enamadoda angama-4.000 endaweni yokuvikela yaseFrance yaseMorocco. Owesithathu kwakungamaJuda ezizwe ezihlukahlukene. Iziboshwa zonke kwakungamadoda ngaphandle kwaseSidi Al Ayachi, eyayinabesifazane nezingane. Amanye amakamu ayegadiwe, okusho ukuthi amajele angempela abaphikisi bombuso waseVichy. Abanye babebizwa ngamakamu ezokuthutha ababaleki. Ezinye zazigcinelwe abasebenzi bakwamanye amazwe. Noma amaJuda asekamu laseBou Arfa ngaphansi kweVichy, iTranssahara Railway yaba luphawu olubalulekile lokusebenzisana noMbuso Wesithathu. Ngakho-ke, kwakunesidingo esikhulu sabasebenzi. Labo ababengasakwazi ukusebenza okuningi bafa.

Izinkulungwane zabantu baseSpain Republican baba neqhaza emaqenjini ezisebenzi zakwamanye amazwe ekwakheni nasekulondolozeni amathrekhi ezitimela. Ijubane lomsebenzi ngemuva kokubalekela ukucindezelwa kukaFranco lalinonya futhi linobudlova. Izisebenzi zaseSpain zaguqulwa zaba yizikhalazo zangempela. AmaJuda asuswa eCentral Europe kanye namaKhomanisi amaFrance adluliselwa lapho. Impilo yansuku zonke eyayilapho yayiyimbi. Abaningi bafa ngokuhlukumezeka, ukuhlukunyezwa, ukugula, indlala noma ukoma, ukugcwala kofaka noma ukulunywa yinyoka.

Indawo yokugcina izimpahla yaseBerguent (Ain Beni Mathar) ibisetshenziswa nguMnyango Wezokukhiqizwa Kwezimboni. Yayibekelwe amaJuda kuphela (i-155 ngoJulayi 1942 bese kuba yi-400 ekuqaleni kuka-1943 ngokusho kombiko we-CRI). “Kodwa leyo ntofontofo engokomoya ayizange ilinciphise iqiniso lokuthi ikamu laseBergue laliphakathi kwezimbi kakhulu,” kusho uJamaa Baida. I-Red Cross yacelwa ukuba ivalwe, amaJuda ahlala eBergued, ikakhulukazi aqhamuka eYurophu Ephakathi, abekade ebalekele eFrance. Amavolontiya eLegion angaphandle akhungathekiswa ngemuva kokwehlulwa ngo-1940 base bevalelwa "ngenxa yezizathu zokuphatha". Kwakunjalo ngoSaul Albert, isakhamuzi saseTurkey owafika eFrance ngo-1922. Waboshwa eBergua waze wadedelwa ngoMashi 1943. Kudayari yakhe uyabhala:

"10. NgoFebhuwari (1941): Amatshe aqhekekile usuku lonke. Mashi 2 ...: Handover eqenjini lesihlanu elinamaJuda aseJalimane. Angikuthandi nhlobo. Umsebenzi awufani; Bekufanele senze i-ballast ... ngo-Ephreli 6: Asisakwazi ukubekezelela le mpilo. Ngiphethwe umkhuhlane, ngiqaqanjelwa ngamazinyo ... Septhemba 22nd: Rosh Hashanah: Akekho owayefuna ukusebenza ... Okthoba 1: akadlanga ... "

Onogada, iningi labo ababengamaJalimane, baziphatha ngobushiqela, benokhahlo futhi benokhahlo. "Kufanele ngabe bajoyina i-NS-SS edumile." Ezinye iziboshwa ziphunyuke, zafika eCasablanca futhi zajoyina amabutho.

EBoudnib, idolobha elincane elinabantu abangu-10.000 274, ibhalekisi lamanje lamasosha lingofakazi bokugcina ekamu lamasosha aseFrance. Izakhamizi ezindala zigcina izingcezu zememori: “Ngingakutshela izinto ezimbili ngokuqinisekile. Elokuqala yiphiko leBoudnib, elakhiwa kakhulu ngamaJuda. Okwesibili ukuthi iningi lamakamu edolobha lafunda emabangeni aphansi ”(Tel Quel Magazine No. 19, May 25-2007, XNUMX).

UMaurice Rue, intatheli yamakhomanisi, wayevalelwe lapho. Usitshele ukuthi "kweziboshwa ezingama-40, amakota amathathu amaKhomanisi, amaSocialists kanye namaGaullists ngaphambi kokuthi kufike amaJuda angama-40 izinyanga ezimbalwa."

Ngemuva kokufika kweMelika kwi8. UNovemba 1942 ujoyine iMorocco ohlangothini lwe-Allies. NgoJanuwari 1943, ama-Allies ahlangana engqungqutheleni eyayiseCasablanca. Kwasayinwa isivumelwano samasu namasosha. Kungekudala ngemuva kwalokho kuqala ngokuhlasela kweSicily (Operation Husky, Julayi 1943) ukuphela kweYurophu ethathwe yiJalimane.

Ukwakhiwa eBou Arfa akuzange kuphazanyiswe futhi izimo azishintshanga kakhulu zaba ngcono. Babekhokhelwa kangcono kuneziboshwa zase-Italy nezaseJalimane esikhundleni samaKhomanisi namaJuda. Kodwa-ke, ukwakhiwa kweTrans-Sahara kuhlala kuyisihogo semihla ngemihla. Iphrojekthi, eyakhethwa njengengafanele, yashiywa yiFrance kuphela i-1949.

Ngaphandle kwalokho, izinhlwayiya zahlakazwa ngokushesha phakathi kokuphela kwe-1942 nokuqala kwe-1943.

Imibhalo ebhalwe nguBill Cran noKarin Davison, eyabhalwa e-Arte, ent

 

Isikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika 

Isibonakaliso ngokumelene nabancane abashushiswayo emhlabeni jikelele. Ukwakhiwa kwesikhumbuzo sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika kufanele kube ngumthombo wolwazi mayelana nokuQothulwa Kwesizwe ezikoleni nakubantu.

Lapho ibhulokhi ngalinye lifanele amagama ayinkulungwane. NgoJulayi 17.07th, umsebenzi wokwakha waqala esikhumbuzweni sokuqala sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eNyakatho Afrika. Sabeka amatshe ukuze sinikeze izivakashi ku-labyrinth of grey block umuzwa wokungenakusizwa nokwesaba ukufa abantu ababenakho emakamu okuhlushwa ngaleso sikhathi. Sifuna ukwakha indawo eNyakatho Afrika eletha ukukhunjulwa esikhathini sedijithali. Ababukeli bakhona ngokusakazwa bukhoma esakhiweni futhi bangathonya inani labasebenzi namabhulokhi azokwakhiwa ngeminikelo yakho. Lapho ubuka futhi unikela kakhulu, isikhumbuzo se-Holocaust siba sikhulu.

Isikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe eMarrakech kuthiwa sikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. Izikhathi ze-5 ezinobukhulu be-Berlin Holocaust Memorial ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ziba sedongeni lamatshe e-10.000 elizungeze isikhungo semininingwane esifundisa izivakashi ngokuQothulwa Kwesizwe.

Umsunguli wePixelHELPER Foundation, u-Oliver Bienkowski, wafuna isibongo sakhe ku-database ye-Yad Vashem futhi wakuthola okufakiwe, wabe esebheka ukuthi iSikhumbuzo Sokufa Kwesizwe esise-Afrika sathola kuphi esisodwa lapha eNingizimu Afrika. Njengoba kunjengengxenye yohambo lomhlaba wonke esuka eMorocco, wanquma ukwakha iSikhumbuzo sokuQothulwa Kwesizwe kusayithi lePixelHELPER. Izici ezingomakhelwane azinalutho, ngakho-ke kukhona indawo yokwakha okungenani i-10.000 steles. 

???????????? Yethu engeyona inzuzo ayikwazi ukwenza ngaphandle kweminikelo yakho ??????????????????? ?????????